Tuesday, 18 October 2016

ESA in Mars, Nanopoles & 4 New Names In The Periodic Table

On 19th October 2016; [tomorrow], the ESA will touch down in Mars. In a span of less than 6 minutes, the European Space Agency's Schiaparelli module will enter the Martian atmosphere, deploy its parachutes, fire its thrusters and land on the surface of the Red Planet. Check out the facebook page: 'Space.com' for the video simulation.

The physics hot topic for October: magnetic nanopoles. Check out 'Physics Today' and other standard model journals for the features.

In chemistry, big news: THE NEWEST ELEMENTS IN THE PERIODIC TABLE HAVE BEEN NAMED >Nihonium, Moscovium, Tennessine, Oganesson. Check out the article at www.sciencenewsforstudents.org

courtesy: E.OTWELL

Monday, 17 October 2016

Asgardia: The New Space Nation

Setshwantsho go tswa Business Insider: se tserwe ka 17/10/16

A consortium of scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs and legal experts has announced plans to create the first ever nation in space. The new nation will be called Asgardia - after Asgard, one of the Nine Worlds of the ancient gods ruled over by Odin in Norse mythology - and will be independent of any current nation state on Earth. Asgardia will be built on a satellite, which will be launched into orbit in the Autumn of 2017 - 60 years after the launch of the first ever satellite, Sputnik. It will have its own legal framework, flag and other symbols of nationhood, representing a new era in the "Space Age". "Asgardia is a fully-fledged and independent nation, and a future member of the United Nations - with all the attributes this status entails," said Dr Igor Ashurbeyli, chairman of UNESCO’s Science of Space Committee and founder of the Aerospace International Research Centre in Vienna, who is leading the project. "The essence of Asgardia is peace in space, and the prevention of Earth’s conflicts being transferred into space." {standardmedia [Kenya] }
Read more at: http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/business/article/2000219897

Friday, 23 September 2016

Faraday's Other Stunning Invention; Not Related To Electricity

Image courtesy: Robert Magina
RUBBER BALLOONS!! Yes, Michael Faraday made the first rubber balloon. Previously, balloons were made of pig bladders and animal intestines. In 1824, Michael Faraday experimented with natural rubber, also called Indian rubber or caoutchouc. He published his experiments with rubber in a 19th Century British scientific periodical called 'Quartely Journal of Science';of which he was an editor. 
L. Brake; Marysa. Demoor (2009)D 

Dictionary of Nineteenth-century Journalism in Great Britain and Ireland. Retrieved: 23-09-16

-Knight and Lacey, (1824) books.google.co.bw/books?id=mh9lAAAAIAAJ
Mechanics' Magazine and Journal of Science, Arts, and Manufactures, Volume 2. Retrieved: 23-09-16

Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Automation in the workplace: Botswana's near future

 The rise of machines, not like that in the movie sequel 'TERMINATOR', is looming over the sub-Saharan country with a middle income economy; Botswana. We should be sure of it more than we are sure about hosting the next Netball World Youth Cup. The best thing we can do about it is to join the revolution and lead the change. Otherwise, many people will suffer the repercussions of ignorance, lack of preparation and beat up technical competencies.

Image credit: www.un.org
 When the Continuous Miner started its bulldozing growl at Morupule Colliery in 2004; many people and organisations were crying foul about the job losses. The manager, Cletus Tangane, was quoted by Sunday Standard saying,"...it was for the good of the organisation."  😂  
Image courtesy: Joy Mining 

Monday, 19 September 2016

Botswana Scientific Blog Will Rock The Tree House Without A Pause

It has been along time since a post was shared on this blog. The main reason was probably a cringe and fear of under-performance. Now, being afraid of  not performing well enough is bringing in even more problems; procrastination and rustication of interest  being the leading ones and the most destructive. Anyway, 'Bots Sci' will not cringe or fear  any rule or standard of performance. It will rather crash and burn into a wrong corner than rust, crack and get weathered off into thin air.
Botswana Scientific blog is not a cousin to any other blog or website. So, this blog will rock the tree house without a pause. Why die off in ethical silence? It's better to ramjet through the grit and discover eye-catching plains. Insecurities delay and abort good missions. This here is the rough patch on the scratch, mic check one-two!

Wednesday, 27 April 2016

Botswana to host Pan-Africa’s most celebrated innovation event of the year
Innovation Prize for Africa!

an edited copy and paste by Andrew Segwabe   wink emoticon grin emoticon

The prestigious award marks its 5 year milestone boasting theMade in Africaspirit

The African Innovation Foundation (AIF) in a joint collaborative effort with the Government of Botswana (GoB) represented by the Ministry of Infrastructure, Science and Technology and the Botswana Innovation Hub (BIH) today announced that the next Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA) event will be held in Gaborone, Botswana in June 2016. The decision to host IPA in Botswana received the highest endorsement from H.E. President Lieutenant General Seretse Khama Ian Khama, the President of Botswana.

IPA is a landmark program of the AIF, whose purpose is to increase the prosperity of Africans by catalyzing the innovation spirit in Africa. IPA celebrates its 5 year milestone in helping to shape the innovation landscape in Africa. To date, IPA has attracted more than 6 000 innovators from 50 African countries, making it a truly Pan-African initiative. This year’s event with its “Made in Africa” theme promises to be ground-breaking, extending beyond the Awards ceremony. AIF is offering several avenues of opportunity for local, national, regional and international growth and exposure to Africa’s next cadre of innovators. The event will provide an unprecedented platform for African innovators and innovation enablers to network, share knowledge, explore business opportunities and boost collaboration.

Botswana’s selection as host country for IPA 2016 is seen in its commitment towards building its national innovation ecosystem. This is demonstrated by the GoB’s catalytic role in capitalizing on and supporting the knowledge economy through the development of a 57-acre Science Park, dubbed the Botswana Innovation Hub (BIH). The Icon Building in the BIH Park will be launched in September 2016, as Botswana celebrates yet another milestone - 50 years of Independence. “Hosting IPA 2016 and celebrating African ingenuity in Gaborone will afford Botswana an opportunity to showcase its commitment to putting innovation at the center of its development strategy,” says the Botswana Minister of Infrastructure, Science and Technology, Honorable Nonofo Molefhi. He added: “We are greatly honored to have been selected to host IPA 2016 and look forward to showcasing the positive strides Botswana and indeed Africa is making in the innovation landscape.”

IPA is today recognized as Africa’s leading innovation initiative based on its track record since its inaugural launch with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the endorsement by Ministers attending the Africa Union (AU)/ECA conference in 2012. IPA recognizes, rewards and mobilizes for African innovators through promoting home-grown, market-driven solutions addressing intractable challenges in agriculture, health and well-being, manufacturing and service industry, ICTs and environment, energy and water. IPA has been successfully celebrated in African major capitals representing African regions: Addis Ababa (2011), Cape Town (2013), Abuja (2014), and more recently in Skhirat, Morocco (2015).

This year’s theme for IPA is “Made in Africa”, based on the belief that Africa can posit itself on the world map through self-innovation, carving its own success story of growth economies and creating incentives to commercialize and scale up home-grown innovations. Says Mr Walter Fust, AIF Chairman of the Board: “We are delighted to collaborate with the Government of Botswana in celebrating African ingenuity. With its many inspiring and success stories, Botswana is an excellent choice to host the 5th edition of IPA, helping us continue to catalyze the innovation spirit in Africa”. He added, “‘Made in Africa’ heralds a message of enterprise and prosperity for African innovators, and we encourage more Africans, especially young people and women to catalyze transformation through innovation - not only in their lives - but for the broader community and their respective economies.”

Besides a host of exciting side events and brand new initiatives for Africa by Africans, IPA 2016 will offer the following prizes and incentives to winners and applicants:

√ Grand prize of US$100 000
√ Second Prize of US$25 000
√ Special Prize for Social Impact US$25 000
√ A voucher for each IPA nominee of US$5 000
√ Business development support for top 10 young innovators selected post Awards event.
√ Business development support for top 10 women innovators selected post Awards event.

The IPA Call for Applications ran from August to October 2015 and attracted more than 3 600 respondents from 50 African countries, clearly demonstrating the creative potential that exists in Africa. Proposed innovations showcased African ingenuity in diverse fields, from agriculture and technologies to green energy initiatives. The expert panel of judges will carefully select Africa’s new crop of ingenuity this year from 985 successful submissions spanning 46 African countries through a rigorous, transparent process of critique, validation, interview and consensus.

About the Innovation Prize for Africa (IPA)
IPA is a landmark initiative of the AIF with the purpose of strengthening the African innovation ecosystems and spur the growth of market-driven African solutions to African challenges.

Data source and image credit: www.innovationprizeforafrica.org

Friday, 22 April 2016

Botswana's revised 2012 National Policy on Research, Science, Technology and Innovation, (RSTI), + Implementation Plan 

by Andrew Segwabe
The Ministry responsible for science; MIST, with its associates, presented in 2012 a national policy of RSTI and the policy implementation plan. The policy presents an appealing case for the future of science and technology in Botswana. 

Brief word about the policy
It allows for supportive and/or additional schematics to attend to science related matters in the country. The policy is a usable guideline to all stakeholders, government and private sector, to take on any vision which can satisfy their organisational aims.  

Criticisms about the policy and its implementation plan would include; lack of follow up assessments since the production of the documents, a very rough estimation (go abelela thata) of timeline objectives, absence of the preview of local science and technology situation and the absence of subjective plans for major science related issues in Botswana such as clean energy,  electricity generation and distribution demand,

  water storage and purification

 and use of technology for food production and enhancement of agricultural productivity.    

Moving forward, globalisation and the internet can be said to play the biggest role in the science and technology transfer. The current evolutionary practices of the education system in Botswana also plays a major role to ensure that the country benefits effectively from scientific knowledge. In a word, the situation of science and technology in Botswana is becoming.